Category Archives: Australia and Oceania

These are countries are located in the Pacific Oceania Region

Australia

So there is a lot going on in the land down under. Australia has quite a unique ecosystem. It has the most diverse reptile population of anywhere in the world, with a total of 755 types of reptiles. Australia is the single home of the monotremes (platypus and echidna) and such marsupials¬† as the koala and kangaroo. Geographically, Mount Augustus may be the largest monolith in the world. For those of you who don’t know what a monolith is, it is basically a very large rock or stone. The plant life there has a rich variety of endemic legumes (plants that have fruit or nuts). This is because these plants have a symbiotic relationship with rhizobia bacteria and mycorrhizal fungi

The population of Australia does not reflect the diversity of its plant life. In fact, 90% of the population is of European decent and 80% speak English at home. A significant explanation for this is the White Australia Policy, which was abolished in 1973, that prevented non-white people from immigrating to Australia. Today, there is a significant increase in the immigration to Australia from Asia, and while most immigrants are skilled there is a quota for refugees and family as well. The population of Australia is quite active and about 24% of Australians over the age of 15 participate regularly in organized sporting activities.
Interestingly the world’s first feature length film was from Australia in 1906 called “The Story of Kelly Gang”.
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